Poems From Malaysia Women Issue



Women issue . Several scholars have analysed what they called the feminist voices in my poems. One such paper is written by Dr Suzana Muhammad (Universiti Sains Malaysia),  “The Development of Woman Identity: Feminist Approaches to Selected Poems of Zurinah Hassan.”. A poem often quoted  is  “Pesanan Puteri gunung Ledang Kepada Sultan Mahmud” (The Message From Princess of Mount Ledang To Sultan Mahmud)  The Princess of Mount Ledang was a mythical character, unearthly, magical, mysterious, and of course described as exceptionally beautiful. She dwelt at Mount Ledang in the southern area of Peninsular Malaysia visible from the palace of the Malacca Sultan. As the story goes, the sultan was looking for a queen after the demise of his consort. This time around, the sultan was determined to marry someone or something different from an ordinary human princess as he wanted to be different and far above anyone else. That was how he got the idea of asking for the hand of the Princess of Mount Ledang.
The Sultan sent his men up the mountain to ask for her hand in marriage. He summoned almost every able bodied man, causing much hardship and unnecessary death to his subjects. It was a perilous journey.   Many men fell off into the deep ravine or fell prey to the wild animals.  Even Hang Tuah, the famous Malay warrior, failed to reach the top. Only Tun Mamat succeeded to the summit and entered the garden of the Princess. But he could not see the Princess, and only conveyed the Sultan’s proposal through Dang Raya Rani who was the princess’s chief lady in waiting. The beautiful princess sent her famous message to the Sultan through Tun Mamat.
            The Message from Princess of Mount Ledang to Sultan Mahmud

            Tun Mamat
            Convey this message to the Sultan
            Bring these as my dowry
            If he wishes to marry me.

            Build me a bridge of gold and another of silver
            Bring me germs and mosquitoes seven trays of their hearts
            Vessels full of tears and juice of young beetle nuts
            From the king and his prince a bowl each of their blood.

            Honestly
            I knew from the start
            That he is willing to construct the bridge of misery
            Let the people carry the trays of agony
            And bear the burden of heavy vessels of tears
            Rack their life with flame of his own desire
            Provided he could escape the fire.

            Tun Mamat,
            These conditions only show my rejection
            As his queen I refuse to be
            Seeing my life a murky reflection
            I am not Tun Fatimah
            With the skill to forgive cruelty
            I am not Tun Kudu
            Who could be forced to agree
            It’s enough with Hang Li Po
            Wrapped up as a gift, a commodity
            Or Tun Teja who tripped and fell
            The lover she followed was only a shadow.

            Let Mount Ledang stand tall, a reminder to all
            Of a flower that survived and remained free
            Untouched by the royal fancy
            Even a woman can choose to disagree
            Even a king has his turn
to admit being beaten.

(Menghadap ke Pelabuhan/Facing the Harbour. 2013:20-21)

This proposal is an episode in the Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals). The story may not have been historically true. The princess may not have existed. But the writer of the Sejarah Melayu has constructed the episode as a medium to criticize the Sultan for his unjust rule of the country and his cruelty especially to women, treating them as if they have no heart and soul. The Princess of Mount Ledang proposed these conditions of the dowry as a way of refusing to marry him. As for the Sultan, this was the first time anyone said no to him. The princess was the first woman to succeed in showing the Sultan that he too must be able to accept rejection. The important point in “Message of the Princess of Mount Ledang to Sultan Mahmud” is the exertion of a woman’s right to decide and take control of herself and her life. That the princess was able to speak her mind showed that women have freedom of expression. As I put in my poem:
Let Mount Ledang stand tall, a reminder to all
Of a flower that survived and remained free
Untouched by the royal fancy
Even a woman can choose to disagree
Even a king has his turn
to admit being beaten.

Besides the “Princess of Mount Ledang,” there are more legendary figures in the Malay Annals, one of which is Princess Hang Li Po.
Princess Hang Li Po was the princess of China betrothed to the Sultan of Melaka as the show of support and protection from the much feared Empire of China to the newly founded nation of Melaka. The Princess was taken away at a tender age when she still playing around at home, cuddled by her mother. I imagined Hang Li Po’s tears dropping into the ocean, crying  for the people she loved and missed so much. Her mother must have also cried in agony, but they both were women facing patriarchal oppression. As a mother I was very much disturbed and saddened by this mother-daughter separation. It would be heart-breaking for any mother to have her daughter taken away and sent to a place so far away.   Given the condition of travel at that time, there was no guarantee of seeing each other again.  More than that, Hang Li Po as a female, was being treated as a commodity shipped to Melaka. Marriage for queens and princesses was not a personal decision but a political mission. Her father, as a man and a king, thought and talked less about family happiness but more about his kingdoms.
Hang Li Po was not the only one sacrificed for the sake of the Malacca Sultanate. There have been others. There were famous beautiful suffering ladies of Malay Annals including Tun Teja, Tun Kudu dan Tun Fatimah. Tun Teja was the daughter of a statesman of Pahang, who felled in love with Hang Tuah and agreed to run away with him to Melaka. Later in the boat she found out that she had been deceived by Hang Tuah with all his talks of love. Hang Tuah at the time was sent to exile by the Sultan and abducting Tun Teja for a present was his mean of getting back into the Sultan’s favour.

Another pitiful woman in the Malay Annals was Tun Kudu. She was the consort of  Sultan Muzaffar and a sister of Tun Perak,  the man who saved Malacca from foreign attacks. Tun Perak rose up for his bravery that strengthened Melaka and it was rumoured that he was eyeing the position of Bendahara much to the dismay of the existing Bendahara, Tun Ali. Subsequently rivalry broke up between supporters of Tun Ali and Tun Perak. This threatened the stability of Melaka and the position of the Sultan. Someone came up with a solution that the widowed Tun Ali should be married into Tun Perak’s family. When offered to pick his choice,  Tun Ali was adamant about desiring none other than Tun Kudu,  the queen. The Sultan agreed  supposedly for the sake of peace and stability. Tun Kudu was divorced and she became another woman who was asked to sacrifice for the sake of Melaka. Indeed Melaka was built on the sorrow and tears of women, but it eventually fell due to the greed and misdeed of men, as has been the case with so many other nationsI have written poems about women in the legends, but  I am also concerned  about the present situation. What happened to the legendry ladies is happening to many women in our time, though in different ways. Even today,  marriages are not  necessarily a matter of the heart. There are marriages of convenience, marriages for family honour, business arrangements, social commitments, and more often to save a woman and her family from the social stigma. A girl is  brought up to preserve a good name so that she will be married into a  good family. It is believed that no woman would remain unmarried by choice . There is a high and often unaffordable price of living alone and remaining true to one’s identity and carving one’s own destiny. My point is what I put in the line, “A woman has to be less herself, in order to be more a woman”. This is delivered in a poem entitled “Marriage”:
Marriage
-one woman’s opinion

Marriage is the difficulty
Of changing routines and priorities
That make you less yourself
And a woman has to be less her self
In order to be more a woman.

Marriage to a woman
Is a protection
For her who dares not live
On her own identity
It is too costly and too risky.

(Menghadap ke Pelabuhan/Facing the Harbour: 82-83)

Even up to the present time some young girls sacrifice advancement in career for a marriage prospect much to the loss of their nations. In a poem “Salam Perempuan Dari Penjara,” (A Woman’s Greeting From Prison, 2010) [S1] ,  I looked at a woman’s journey through life as a procession which no one dares to divert from. It is a procession where everyone walked to a fixed destiny:
She and her sisters
in a procession to their day
while within this wall
they have not lived at all.
 (Menghadap ke Pelabuhan/Facing the Harbour: 60-61)


 [S1]Please specify if these numbers indicate verses or pages. 



Artikel ini hanyalah simpanan cache dari url asal penulis yang berkebarangkalian sudah terlalu lama atau sudah dibuang :

http://zurinah1306.blogspot.com/2019/10/poems-from-malaysia-women-issue.html

Kempen Promosi dan Iklan
Kami memerlukan jasa baik anda untuk menyokong kempen pengiklanan dalam website kami. Serba sedikit anda telah membantu kami untuk mengekalkan servis percuma aggregating ini kepada semua.

Anda juga boleh memberikan sumbangan anda kepada kami dengan menghubungi kami di sini
Malaysia To Raise Transboundary Haze Issue At Amme Meet

Malaysia To Raise Transboundary Haze Issue At Amme Meet

papar berkaitan - pada 9/10/2019 - jumlah : 55 hits
Malaysia will raise the issue of transboundary haze at the 15th Asean Ministerial Meeting on the Environment and related meetings in Cambodia which began yesterday and ends Thursday said Energy Science Technology Environment and Climate Cha...
India May Restrict Imports Of Palm Oil Other Goods From Malaysia

India May Restrict Imports Of Palm Oil Other Goods From Malaysia

papar berkaitan - pada 13/10/2019 - jumlah : 50 hits
India is considering restricting imports of some products from Malaysia including palm oil according to government and industry sources in reaction to Dr Mahathir Mohamad slamming New Delhi for its actions in Kashmir New Delhi is looking fo...
Saya Sudah Bilang Lebih Awal India To Ban Imports From Malaysia Now Salahudin And Theresa Will Silat Taici

Saya Sudah Bilang Lebih Awal India To Ban Imports From Malaysia Now Salahudin And Theresa Will Silat Taici

papar berkaitan - pada 12/10/2019 - jumlah : 78 hits
NEW DELHI India world s biggest importer of edible oilsPalm oil 2 3 of India s total edible oil importsbuys more than 9 million tonnes annuallymainly from Indonesia and MalaysiaIn 2019 India biggest buyer of Malaysian palm oiltaking 3 9 mil...
Samsung Galaxy Tab S6 Hadir Ke Pasaran Malaysia Berharga Rm3099

Samsung Galaxy Tab S6 Hadir Ke Pasaran Malaysia Berharga Rm3099

papar berkaitan - pada 4/10/2019 - jumlah : 31 hits
Samsung Malaysia hari ini telah melancarkan tablet terbaru mereka untuk pasaran tempatan iaitu Galaxy Tab S6 Tablet bersaiz 10 5 inci ini boleh didapati di Malaysia pada harga RM3099 Samsung Galaxy Tab S6 hadir dengan skrin Super AMOLED dij...
Senangnya Nak Book Malaysia Airlines

Senangnya Nak Book Malaysia Airlines

papar berkaitan - pada 4/10/2019 - jumlah : 32 hits
Siapa yang tak kenal Malaysia Airlines syarikat Ailines yang melambangkan negara kita membawa nama ke seluruh dunia Pernah menang award sebagai servis terbaik dunia Hab utamanya ialah Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur manakala Lapa...
Cara Melabur Dalam Saham Di Malaysia

Cara Melabur Dalam Saham Di Malaysia

papar berkaitan - pada 5/10/2019 - jumlah : 44 hits
Bagaimanakah cara melabur dalam saham Ramai yang masih tercari cari cara melabur dalam saham dan konsisten membuat keuntungan Baca artikel ini dan Pakar Wang akan bongkar teknik pelaburan dengan saham ini Trend terkini ramai yang ingin menc...
Pra Tempahan Samsung Galaxy Fold Di Malaysia Dibuka Bermula 9 Oktober Ini Dengan Harga

Pra Tempahan Samsung Galaxy Fold Di Malaysia Dibuka Bermula 9 Oktober Ini Dengan Harga

papar berkaitan - pada 4/10/2019 - jumlah : 46 hits
Pada September yang lepas Samsung Galaxy Fold telahpun mula memasuki pasaran di Amerika Syarikat dengan harga 1 980 dan kini ia bakal memasuki pasaran tempatan Keunikan peranti ini sudah tentu terletak pada bahagian panel skrin yang boleh d...
Kilang Milik Bumiputera Ini Terpaksa Minta Maaf Kepada Seluruh Rakyat Malaysia Kerana Kempen Buy Muslim First

Kilang Milik Bumiputera Ini Terpaksa Minta Maaf Kepada Seluruh Rakyat Malaysia Kerana Kempen Buy Muslim First

papar berkaitan - pada 4/10/2019 - jumlah : 128 hits
Ini yang terjadi apabila kita bersatu hati membantu usahawan muslim Ekonomi Malaysia bakal berubah jika kempen ini diteruskan Ini bukan lagi angan tapi mimpi yang telah menjadi realiti Ingat kita bukan boikot tapi kita sedang membantu usaha...
Malaysia Afloat Captain And First Mate Playing Hide And Seek

Malaysia Afloat Captain And First Mate Playing Hide And Seek

papar berkaitan - pada 4/10/2019 - jumlah : 38 hits
They wish to give everyone everything they ever wanted but could not get under Barisan Nasional and retain what BN used to give It s madness Praba Ganesan The Malay Mail OnlineCitizens speculate daily whether or when Anwar Ibrahim replaces ...
Pemandu Grab Bangsa Cina Sanggup Tunggu Gadis Ini Solat

Malaysia Wilayah Ltte

Di Kalangan Netizen Ada Keldai Lembu Anjing Dan Babi Yasin Sulaiman

Kongres Maruah Melayu Punca Wong Yan Ke Zahirkan Protes Atas Pentas Konvokesyen

13 Amalan Punca Rezeki

Bas Terbakar 35 Orang Jemaah Maut Kemalangan Di Madinah

Jadual Waktu Badan Manusia Bekerja Nak Sihat Anda Wajib Tahu

Kereta Dipenuhi Air Ketum Kemalangan Teruk



Kisah Lawak Bagaimana Coca Cola Diseludup Ke Russia

5 Lokasi Radioaktif yang Menjadi Tarikan Pelancong

Biodata Farzana Zainul Calon Dewi Remaja 2019 Yang Viral Kerana Terjatuh

Biodata Dian Fernandez Peserta Dewi Remaja 2019

5 Bandar Rahsia Yang Dahulunya Disembunyikan Dari Peta


Syok Jika Dapat 1000 Youtube Subscribers

Mawar Rashid Kena Rasuk

Maksud Rezeki

Jom Beli Peria Garing Ikan Bilis Rugi Tak Cuba

Hiburan Kamal Adli Akui Sikap Terlalu Ambil Mudah Terhadap Pasangan Punca Percintaan Berakhir

Perkukuh Fungsi Koperasi