Learning Through Play


This post was brought to you by British Council Malaysia.

If you’re a parent of a primary-level student, you probably find yourself wondering if there’s any educational value in the games your child is playing. Do kids learn by playing and is there a way to capitalise on this to get your kid to learn English?



Different types of play
Play is said to be an integral part of growing up. Most parents won’t need to be told what the definition of ‘play’ is – they would probably agree that it’s when kids are running around playing together or playing games. But did you know that there are different types of play[1]? Generally defined as ‘a fun activity’, play ranges from free play (such as running around with other kids without much adult supervision), guided play (where adults scaffold, or help the children), games (with rules set by an adult) and direct instructions (an adult-designed activity setting constraints on play). While all forms of play are beneficial, in education, it is the guided play, games and direct instructions which we focus on

Play in education
Arguments for learning through play date back as far as the 5th century BCE when Plato[2] highlighted the value of play when learning, as opposed to using force, as this empowers children to be naturally drawn to the subject matter, and not scared of it. It wasn’t until much later, however, that learning through play became a norm

Modern approaches to play in education draw from theories developed by Vygotsky[3] who spoke of zone of proximal development (ZPD). In a nutshell, this notion refers to the gap between what a learner can do on their own, and what they can do with the support of an adult. Thanks to such guidance, a student is said to make progress much faster than working on their own. Vygotsky believed that through interactive and social play, children developed their higher mental functions

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zone_of_proximal_development#/media/File:Zone_of_proximal_development.svg

Play in English Language Learning

In the classroom, we aim to help young learners to learn through play by tapping into their ZPD by focussing on tasks they can do with the support and guidance from a teacher. With time, students learn to perform tasks independently. Many classroom activities focus on play as a vehicle for learning

Role plays are an example of a fun activity which allows children to develop their English language skills in a fun way. While younger children often come up with their own make-believe scenarios and act them while playing on their own, in class, teachers help set up such an activity, to ensure kids get the most language benefits from it

An example from the British Council

As part of their course, students are asked to act out a role play based on a clip they watched, for example, Shaun the Sheep. They would normally be assigned roles, e.g., one person is Shaun, another the Farmer, another Bitzer etc. Students have time to think of an alternative ending to a story, for example what happened after Timmy was supersized? The teacher helps with a brainstorm, encouraging creative thinking and the sharing of ideas, they help students put their ideas on paper and give support with the language. Finally, the students have an opportunity to act out their play. As role plays are consistently done in several lessons, the students become more independent, and with time, learn how to use the language from these make-believe scenarios, in daily life, independently. Research[4] has shown that students greatly benefit from role plays, e.g., by improving their vocabulary, complexity of syntax, and pronunciation

© British Council
Games are another great example of structured play, which helps students learn new language while having fun. Students learn by discovering, processing, and applying new information. They also have a competitive element which kids often find highly motivating

Through repetition and experimentation kids synthesise language rules and develop higher-level thinking skills

An example from the British Council
In the classroom, kids are learning to speculate. This is a new, abstract concept and involves using a sophisticated grammar structure called ‘conditionals’. It means students need to remember several rules at the same time to from sentences like ‘If I was the president, I’d give out free candy every Friday.” The activity is set up by having the teacher introduce the language using a recording from the Primary Plus magazine. In the recording, kids are talking about what they would do if they were president. Following an explanation of the rules, the children play a game. Online, this means reshuffling the words to form appropriate sentences, in the physical classroom, they are organising cut-ups. The activity is learner centred, engages students to work in a team and helps them remember the new rule. The competitive factor (who gets most correct, who finishes first) adds to the excitement and helps them learn without being stressed out


Play does not take away from learning

Many research findings[5] show that parents in Asia may not see the advantage to imaginative play. Often, understanding the teacher’s perspective on the ‘fun’ activities done in class helps parents understand its value. If you’d like to know more about the British Council approach to teaching and learning, please book a free consultation with our friendly consultant.


References:[1] https://www.unicef.org/sites/default/files/2018-12/UNICEF-Lego-Foundation-Learning-through-Play.pdf

[2] D’Angour,Armand. (2013). Plato and play: taking education seriously in Ancient Greece .American Journal of Play, 5 (3), 293-307

[3] Daniels, H.(2016). Vygotsky and pedagogy.New York:Routlegde

[4] Korat, O., Bahar, E., & Snapir, M .(2003). Sociodramatic play as opportunity for literacy development: The teacher’s role. The Reading Teacher, 56, 386–393

[5] Singer, D.G., Singer, J. L., D'Agostino, H., & DeLong, R. (2009). Children’s pastimes in sixteen Nations. American Journal of Play, 1, 283-312.



Artikel ini hanyalah simpanan cache dari url asal penulis yang berkebarangkalian sudah terlalu lama atau sudah dibuang :

http://mumsgather.blogspot.com/2022/09/learning-through-play_27.html

Kempen Promosi dan Iklan
Kami memerlukan jasa baik anda untuk menyokong kempen pengiklanan dalam website kami. Serba sedikit anda telah membantu kami untuk mengekalkan servis percuma aggregating ini kepada semua.

Anda juga boleh memberikan sumbangan anda kepada kami dengan menghubungi kami di sini
Xiaomi Supports Education And Creativity Through Technology In Latest Csr Initiative

Xiaomi Supports Education And Creativity Through Technology In Latest Csr Initiative

papar berkaitan - pada 27/9/2022 - jumlah : 142 hits
Xiaomi partners with Suriana Welfare Society to lend a helping hand to local underprivileged communities in Malaysia In the spirit of giving back global technology leader Xiaomi recently held its corporate social responsibility initiative i...
Opium At Closing Time Exploring Malaysian History Through Alzheimer S

Opium At Closing Time Exploring Malaysian History Through Alzheimer S

papar berkaitan - pada 24/9/2022 - jumlah : 131 hits
Amberjade Arts is proud to present OPIUM AT CLOSING TIME an original Malaysian work written and directed by Tarrant Kwok It is set to premiere on the 20th of October 2022 and will play 9 shows till the 30th of October 2022 at Black Box Dama...
Having A Rough Day Power Through With The Strongest Samsung Galaxy Foldables Ever

Having A Rough Day Power Through With The Strongest Samsung Galaxy Foldables Ever

papar berkaitan - pada 20/9/2022 - jumlah : 97 hits
The newly launched Galaxy Z Flip4 and Galaxy Z Fold4 are Samsung s most powerful foldables ever each equipped with an immersive display versatile camera and flexible modes of usage Now into their fourth generation respectively both the Gala...
Bn Willing To Wade Through Floods For Ge15 Zahid

Bn Willing To Wade Through Floods For Ge15 Zahid

papar berkaitan - pada 18/9/2022 - jumlah : 112 hits
Come rain or shine BN is ready to campaign for the 15th general election which is speculated to take place later this year Its chairperson Ahmad Zahid Hamidi said the coalition is prepared to wade through floods if GE15 is held during the m...
Touch N Go Group Collaborates With United Voice To Empower The Differently Abled Communities Through Art

Touch N Go Group Collaborates With United Voice To Empower The Differently Abled Communities Through Art

papar berkaitan - pada 28/9/2022 - jumlah : 148 hits
One of the strategic focus areas in the Group s sustainability efforts is to ensure the inclusion of Malaysians from all walks of life L R Lum Joy Deng Chief Corporate Development Officer of Touch n Go Group Effendy Shahul Hamid Group Chief...
The Importance Of The Sap Learning

The Importance Of The Sap Learning

papar berkaitan - pada 24/9/2022 - jumlah : 101 hits
Are you familiar with SAP and what it means There are only two possibilities here for you when you have stumbled upon this article It s going to be either you wanted to know more about it or you just about to get started with it For someone...
Vivo And Perry Kuan Unleash Double Fun Through Music With Vivo Y35

Vivo And Perry Kuan Unleash Double Fun Through Music With Vivo Y35

papar berkaitan - pada 1/10/2022 - jumlah : 65 hits
The vivo Y35 is the latest addition to the brand s Y Series Catering to the modern consumer trends of today s youth vivo aims to meet its user s daily practical needs by offering consumers uncompromised features with the vivo Y35 Aspiring t...
Anchor Food Professionals Invites Malaysians To Spread Joy Spread Love Through Good Food This Season

Anchor Food Professionals Invites Malaysians To Spread Joy Spread Love Through Good Food This Season

papar berkaitan - pada 1/10/2022 - jumlah : 124 hits
More than RM 50 000 worth of food prizes are also up for grabs in the Anchor Legendairy campaign As the year inches closer to the end Anchor Food Professionals is bringing back its nationwide campaign Anchor Legendairy Spread Joy Spread Lov...
Take Your Passions Further With The New Samsung Galaxy S23 Series Designed For A Premium Experience Today And Beyond

Jadikan Toyota Avanza Sebagai Mobil Keluarga Di Rumah Cek Kelebihannya Disini

Jawatan Kosong Nestle Februari 2023

Umrah Murah

Siri Samsung Galaxy S23 Baharu Direka Untuk Pengalaman Premium Harian Anda

8 Cool Retro Cafe Bikes That Won T Break The Bank

Amalan Sebelum Tidur

Apa Pula Service Tax Principal Daripada Kad Kredit Maybank Ni Tiba Tiba Tolak Duit



Cara Kira Anggaran Penggunaan Elektrik Perkakas Rumah

Info Dan Sinopsis Filem Coast Guard Malaysia Ops Helang 2023

6 Pekerjaan Yang Mungkin Selamat Daripada Ancaman AI

5 Permainan Video Popular Sepanjang Zaman

8 Fakta Biodata Pelakon Sophia Albarakbah Gandingan Terbaru Aliff Aziz Drama Ku Akad Kau Dengan Bismillah


Yuk Kenalan Dengan Truk Molen Dan Jenis Jenisnya

Pengomen Terpaling Juara Bulan Januari 2023

Miliki Rumah Sendiri Di Usia 32 Tahun Tanpa Pinjaman Bank

Bagus Dan Sokong Polis Tak Layan Mereka Yg Tak Cukup Kain

Siinurul Com Blog Performance January 2023

Swing Lepaskan Rantai Itu Chord