Learn From Past Mistakes With Floods


 

From Moaz Nair
A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself, said Franklin D Roosevelt. At times floods are just unavoidable because of climatic conditions but in most cases they arise from man-made causes.
Forests are cleared without quick reforestation, waterways are filled with refuse, mud and sediment causing them to swell fast with heavy rain, and the poor drainage system in urban and residential areas hampers the flow of water into natural waterways and their tributaries.
All these have caused serious floods in the country.
Of late, man-made floods have caused huge property losses and serious impact on the natural environment. Almost every year, in the past few decades, the country has suffered losses of millions of ringgit caused by human negligence.
I hope the government is aware that uncontrolled exploitation of the natural environment in many parts of the country is the main cause of severe floods today. This is a man-made disaster caused by poor environmental planning.
When development projects are implemented without planning, whatever infrastructure that has been built for years can be destroyed in the blink of an eye when floods occur. The government has to be taken to task, especially the ministry dealing with the environment.
Hills are cleared
Lately, the clearing of hillsides for various types of projects has been quite widespread and serious. Hills, mountains and forests act as natural filters for rainwater and allow water to gradually seep into the soil to form water catchments that will flow into the river gradually.
When hills and hillsides are cleared of vegetation, there will be a rapid flow of water on the surface slopes and it enters the river rapidly resulting in the river water level rising at a faster rate.
What more when the river is filled with dregs from the uplands; this will cause the water level to further rise and overflow the banks. It has been observed that there have been extensive and uncontrolled logging and mining activities in the highlands and forest areas, and this is aggravating the situation.
When upland areas are cleared and the reforestation process is slow or totally ignored, soil erosion sets in. In most cleared areas, the soil is left exposed to rain and this has caused massive soil erosion.
Exposed hill slopes will erode and the soil will be washed away to low-lying areas further causing heavy sedimentation when washed into the river and this prevents the river from flowing quickly into the sea causing the water level to rise.
Without a natural soil filter on the earth’s surface (such as forested hills, thick bushes, etc), heavy rainfall will cause the surface run-off rate to be higher and the river will be filled with water faster. This is exacerbated when the riverbed is filled with silt, mud and other debris as a result of erosion occurring on the hillside.
It’s human laxity that is causing the natural waterways to be dumped with all sorts of refuse. Flood wastes such as trees and accumulated sediments from hill slopes worsen the situation causing river water to be trapped disrupting its flow into the seas. This causes water to overflow the river banks and inundates the surrounding areas.
Flash floods
It seems we fail to learn from past mistakes. The material world and human greed is causing cities to now become concrete forests replacing its natural vegetation. The authorities should be aware that the often clogged, narrow and limited drainage system in urban areas have been causing flash floods each time it rains heavily.
In urban and residential areas, it’s normal to see the drains filled with various types of waste causing flash floods. Clogged drains and the poor drainage system will hinder the quick flow of floodwater into the natural waterways causing it to overflow into roads and surrounding areas enough to cause damage to properties. The lack of enforcement by the authorities on offenders who dump the drains with all sorts of trash have made the situation worse.
It’s also too common to see waste stuck in drains and creeks causing the flow of water from the floodplain to the river to be disrupted.
Do the authorities have efficient development planners and engineers to deal with this recurring flood problem? Or could it be that they are taking the easy way out in dealing with this issue?
In fact, the severe floods that have hit most areas today are mainly the result of human failure to preserve the natural environment. It is this human factor that causes the country to lose millions of ringgit every year in property damage.
The slackness of real estate developers too has to be blamed.
Lowland areas and swamps that serve as natural excess water storage are no longer functioning as they are used as waste dumps in development projects.
There has to be strict enforcement on those who flout the laws and also by increasing awareness and concern through education can encourage people to reduce their nonchalant attitude when it comes to the importance of preserving the environment.
The perennial flood problems we face can only be lessened if there is awareness of the need of a well-ordered development plan for the environment to be well preserved. To maintain a proper drainage system and the dredging of the waterways now is going to cost a lot because of the poor planning in the past.
Nevertheless, the government has to take note of the fact that the country needs a better flood mitigation plan to lessen the loss of lives and properties.
Moaz Nair is an FMT reader.
The views expressed are those of the writers and do not necessarily reflect those of MMKtT.


Artikel ini hanyalah simpanan cache dari url asal penulis yang berkebarangkalian sudah terlalu lama atau sudah dibuang :

http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/MalaysiansMustKnowTheTruth/~3/U2B9keMfA9w/learn-from-past-mistakes-with-floods.html

Kempen Promosi dan Iklan
Kami memerlukan jasa baik anda untuk menyokong kempen pengiklanan dalam website kami. Serba sedikit anda telah membantu kami untuk mengekalkan servis percuma aggregating ini kepada semua.

Anda juga boleh memberikan sumbangan anda kepada kami dengan menghubungi kami di sini
Mco All Students Except Those With Exams To Learn From Home

Mco All Students Except Those With Exams To Learn From Home

papar berkaitan - pada 12/1/2021 - jumlah : 121 hits
Primary school pupils and secondary school students from Form 1 to Form 4 who are studying in states where a second movement control order will take effect are to stay home where they will engage in virtual learning However senior students ...
Gruelling Clean Up Begins After Floods Hit Kampung Suba Buan Hard Cutting Village Off From Outside Help

Gruelling Clean Up Begins After Floods Hit Kampung Suba Buan Hard Cutting Village Off From Outside Help

papar berkaitan - pada 16/1/2021 - jumlah : 66 hits
BAU The floods that hit Kampung Suba Buan this week has left its villagers suffering huge losses as they could not save their household equipment livestock and crops The village was flooded from Wednesday to Friday as the water level reache...
From Lego Blocks To Engine Blocks 5 Ways Playing With Legos Inspired You To Become A Car Enthusiast

From Lego Blocks To Engine Blocks 5 Ways Playing With Legos Inspired You To Become A Car Enthusiast

papar berkaitan - pada 27/1/2021 - jumlah : 92 hits
Arthur Grant Co Founder of examines how those loveable LEGOs we played with as kids helped inspire our love for cars Grant a self described tech geek and father of three launched Muddy Smiles with his wife Natalie to help parents take part ...
Record New Cases In Sabah With 61 From Close Contacts

Record New Cases In Sabah With 61 From Close Contacts

papar berkaitan - pada 16/1/2021 - jumlah : 72 hits
Mass screenings in two Sabah districts have uncovered 74 cases in two new clusters KOTA KINABALU Compliance with Covid 19 prevention rules has continued to drop in Sabah as the state recorded 514 new cases today the highest so far this year...
Record Number Of New Selangor Covid Cases From Those With Symptoms

Record Number Of New Selangor Covid Cases From Those With Symptoms

papar berkaitan - pada 17/1/2021 - jumlah : 85 hits
There was a record number of new Covid 19 cases in Selangor reported today by those who with symptoms and are not linked to existing clusters or close contacts According to data from the Selangor Health Department 36 cases involved those wi...
Futurelearn Learn New Skills Online With Top Educators

Futurelearn Learn New Skills Online With Top Educators

papar berkaitan - pada 12/1/2021 - jumlah : 57 hits
FutureLearn Learn new skills online with top educatorsLearn 100 online with world class universities and industry experts Develop your career learn a new skill or pursue your hobbies with flexible online courses Sign Up Now
Attract Better Qi Through Fashion With Oxwhite

Attract Better Qi Through Fashion With Oxwhite

papar berkaitan - pada 21/1/2021 - jumlah : 108 hits
Collaborates with Feng Shui consultant to provide tips on how to benefit from the renewals and regrowths year of the Ox brings Oxwhite a popular Malaysian e commerce lifestyle brand that offers a wide array of products for the modern Asians...
High Tea With Bread Lasagna Lasagna Roti

High Tea With Bread Lasagna Lasagna Roti

papar berkaitan - pada 20/1/2021 - jumlah : 159 hits
High Tea With Bread Lasagna Lasagna RotiYum yum Sedap sungguh ni Kita lihatbahan yang diperlukan untuk membuatnya
High Court To Hear Suit Seeking To Charge Hadi With Sedition

High Court To Hear Suit Seeking To Charge Hadi With Sedition

papar berkaitan - pada 20/1/2021 - jumlah : 40 hits
PAS president Abdul Hadi Awang is alleged to have made a seditious statement in the party organ Harakah against Christians KUALA LUMPUR High Court Judge Akhtar Tahir will hear a suit filed by two Sabahans who want the attorney general to pr...
Setahun Nikah Masih Tak Disentuh Aku Hilang Arah Sebab Masih Dara Selepas Kahwin

Budak Meninggal Dunia Kerana Kerap Bermain Mobile Game Alami Keadaan Mengerikan Hospital Pun Tak Dapat Tolong

Sram Ayah Dapat Rakam Detlk Detlk Anak Beliau Kena Gnggu Dengan Entlti Mlsteri Slap Ada Tarlk Kakl Lagl

Mp Lompat Beli Upah Dan Ugut Untuk Sokong Pn Sebelum Sidang Parlimen Anwar Ibrahim

Nibongtebal Viral Video Lelaki Mahu Rentas Negeri Maki Polis

Keluarga Timbalan Menteri Menetap Di Luar Negara

Cara Cara Untuk Hilangkan Sedu Dengan Cepat

Jais Serbu Banglo Mewah Tapi Muhammad Sajjad Tiada Disyaki Bersembunyi Walaupun Acah Berani Di Media Sosial



Sejarah dan Misteri Kenapa Botol Ubat Ada Penutup Keselamatan

Pencari Mayat di Sungai Kerjaya Lumayan di China

Perlis Negeri Unik Yang Tidak Terikat Dengan Aliran Mazhab di Malaysia

Kisah Inspirasi Pengasas The Manhattan Fish Market Dari Penghantar Pizza Hut Kepada Jutawan F B

Sejarah Rompakan Vaksin yang Membuatkan Kanada Huru Hara


New Order

Down Town Klebang Melaka 2021

Buli Watak Jenny Dengan Teruk Dalam The Penthouse 2 Lee Taebin Mohon Maaf Pada Semua Minhyuk

Perlis Mb Gives Way To Frontliners People To Be Vaccinated First

Cops Cripple Drug Ring With Biggest Bust In Five Years

Masidi Takes Community Leaders To Task Over Nabawan Funeral Cluster