10 Amateurs Who Showed Up Real Scientists

10 Amateurs Who Showed Up Real Scientists
By Christian Bond, Usually, scientific breakthroughs require years of hard work and dedication to your field. But sometimes, all it takes is a little perseverance and a complete lack of regard for personal safety - and plain old dumb luck.
10. David Hahn Builds Nuclear Reactor In His Backyard

In 1994, boy scout David Hahn (who had received a scouting merit badge for atomic energy three years earlier) tried to build a nuclear reactor in his mother’s potting shed. Hahn believed the project would help him become an Eagle Scout, and his achievements included building a neutron gun, duping officials at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission into providing him with the information he needed to build a nuclear reactor, and obtaining radioactive elements like radium and thorium.
In 1998, Hahn was the subject of an article by journalist Ken Silverstein entitled “The Radioactive Boy Scout.” As Silverstein wrote, “He told me how he used coffee filters and pickle jars to handle deadly substances such as radium and nitric acid, and he sheepishly divulged the various cover stories and aliases he employed to obtain the radioactive materials.”
After the EPA found out about Hahn’s reactor, they shut down the project before it finished. By then, Hahn’s experiment was so dangerously irradiated that the town’s entire population of 40,000 was at risk. Undeterred, Hahn would later be arrested in 2007 for stealing 16 smoke detectors that he planned to harvest for more radioactive experiments.
9. Drug Runners Built A Supersub
Photo credit: DEA
For decades, Colombian drug runners tried to evade US authorities in home-made submarines. Assembled in secret shipyards, these “subs” were wooden cigarette boats, unable to manoeuvre like real subs. However, in the early 2000s, intelligence agencies began hearing rumours of fully functioning supersubs being constructed in the jungles of South America. The submarines were so evasive that US law enforcement began to liken them to the Loch Ness monster. One agent said, “Never seen one before, never seized one before. But we knew it was out there.”
In 2010, the Ecuadorean Navy was able to capture one of these subs. Jay Bergman, the US Drug Enforcement Agency’s top official in South America, declared the submarine “a quantum leap in technology.” The 22-meter (74 ft) sub could hold up to 9 tons of cocaine (a street value of US$250 million) and was equipped with 249 batteries that allowed the sub to travel at near invisibility for up to 18 hours before recharging.
8. NASA-Quality Pictures For Less Than US$800
Skip to 2:30 to see some of the photos
In 2008, Robert Harrison, a 28-year-old IT Director and father of three, was able to capture NASA-quality pictures of space using only a Canon digital camera, a helium weather balloon, and a GPS. The balloon, which Harrison named Icarus I, captured images of the Earth from more than 1,600 kilometres (1,000 mi) above the surface of the planet.
The total cost of the project was only £500 (US$747). The quality of the pictures was so good that NASA contacted Mr. Harrison to learn how we was able to accomplish this feat on an IT director’s salary. “People think this is something that costs millions,” he said, “but it doesn’t. You just need a bit of technical know-how. I know nothing about electronics, and what I do know, I learned from the Internet.”
7. A Rock Star Develops A Missile Defense System
Photo credit: Carl Lender/Wikimedia Commons
Jeff “Skunk” Baxter (above) is well known to music fans as a guitarist for the Doobie Brothers and a founding member of Steely Dan, but the self-described hippie guitarist now enjoys a second career as one of the top counterterrorism expert in the US.
While touring, Baxter began researching music technology, eventually turning his attention to weapons systems. He became a self-taught expert on the subject and even wrote a paper on missile defense. “I sat down at my Tandy 200,” he said, “and wrote this paper about how to convert the Aegis weapon system - why it would make sense to convert it to do theatre missile defense because it would be on a mobile platform and give the United States a new role in NATO in the 21st century. I have no idea. I just did it.”
After 9/11, Baxter was contacted to provide consultation on US counterterrorism efforts because of his original thinking. Congressman Dana Rohrabacher said, “Skunk didn’t grow up in the system. He hasn’t been beaten down by the system. So his very freedom of thought and his gut-level understanding of technology contributes greatly, and people know that.” Today, the former rock star chairs the Congressional Advisory Board on Missile Defense and serves as a consultant to companies like Northrop Grumman and General Atomics. [Video]
6. A Tanzanian Schoolboy Proves Hot Water Can Freeze Faster Than Cold

The Mpemba effect (named after its grade school founder, Erasto B. Mpemba) states that under specific circumstances, hot water freezes faster than cold water. While making ice cream with his classmates, Mpemba noticed that warm milk would freeze sooner than chilled milk. This seems counterintuitive, but Mpemba was not alone in his findings. Scientists including Aristotle, Sir Francis Bacon, and Rene Descartes made this claim as well, but none of them were ever able to prove it.
Mpemba, along with physicist Denis Osbourne, performed his own experiments and was able to achieve results that verified his hypothesis. Over the past decades, Mpemba’s results have been noted by many scientists, but no one was able to reproduce Mpemba’s results until 2010, when James Brownridge from the State University of New York at Binghamton published a study detailing reproducible results. To reproduce the Mpemba effect, Brownridge used different samples of water (one sample was distilled water, while the other was tap water).
Today, the scientific community remains divided over the Mpemba effect because of the very specific circumstances needed to reproduce the phenomenon.
5. A Priest Holds The World Record For Most Supernova Discoveries

Australian priest Robert Evans likes to stare at the skies in his spare time, and he’s really good at it. Evans has committed to memory more than 1,000 galaxies, so that he can check each field quickly just by eye. Since 1981, Evans has discovered over 40 supernovae, a world record. In his 2003 book A Short History of Nearly Everything, Bill Bryson wrote that Evans’s ability to discover supernovae was like the ability to spot a single added grain on a table of salt 2 miles long.
Evans has made most of his discoveries not on an observatory-sized telescope but in his backyard. “Of the 40 visual discoveries,” he said, “10 were found with my 10-inch reflector, 18, I think, with my 16-inch, three with the 40-inch telescope at Siding Spring Observatory, and the rest with the 12-inch that I now use here at home.”
4. A 10-Year-Old Girl Discovers A New Explosive Molecule

While in science class, 10-year-old Clara Lazen accidentally discovered a new explosive. Clara was playing with wooden balls and sticks used to create models of molecules when she forged a molecule using a combination of nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon.
When she showed the design to the teacher, Kenneth Boehr, he thought Clara could be onto something. Boehr took photographs of the molecule and sent the pictures to his friend Robert Zoellner, a chemistry professor from Humboldt State University. After doing some digging, Zoellner agreed that Clara had discovered a brand new molecule, tetranitratoxycarbon.
Tetranitratoxycarbon, which uses the same combination of atoms as nitroglycerin, stores large amounts of energy. If synthesized, it could create a powerful explosion.
As a result of her discovery, Clara, Boehr, and Zoellner are all listed as co-authors on a research paper about the molecule. Zoellner believes tetranitratoxycarbon could hold great importance as scientists continue to look for new ways to harvest energy.
3. 12-Year-Old Develops His Own Theory Of Relativity

In 2011, 12-year-old genius Jacob Barnett believed he’d found holes in Einstein’s theory of relativity. Jacob, who had an IQ of 170, explained his expanded theory of relativity to his mother Kristine Barnett. Barnett, who admits to flunking high school math, asked her son to speak slowly while she filmed his explanation.
After the video was published on YouTube, Jacob’s theory drew the attention of some notable scientists. Scott Tremaine, a professor at the Institute of Advanced Study, wrote, “The theory that he’s working on involves several of the toughest problems in astrophysics and theoretical physics... Anyone who solves these will be in line for a Nobel Prize.” Soon after the video went viral, Jacob was being recruited for a paid research position at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.
2. Truck Drivers Build An Atomic Bomb

Reverse engineering is the process by which scientists take a look at existing technology and then build a version of their own without any of the original plans. Militaries do this all of the time, but when a truck driver with no college education begins to build an atomic bomb, it raises a few eyebrows.
Over the course of 10 years, former truck driver John Coster-Mullen analyzed pictures and interviewed over 150 scientists and engineers who were involved with the Manhattan Project. The scientists were more than happy to indulge the guy trying to develop his own nuclear problem. The result was a bomb that received “rave reviews” from the National Defense Council. Ironically, the National Defense council are the exact people paid to stop this sort of thing from happening.
When asked about his achievement, Coster-Mullen replied, “The secret of the atomic bomb is how easy they are to make.”
1. 85-Year-Old Man Builds Cathedrals From Trash

Justo Gallego Martinez, a Spanish monk, has built an entire cathedral out of salvaged materials, including bricks found in local factories. While the design is loosely based on St. Peter’s Cathedral, it also incorporates design elements from European castles, churches, and even the White House.
Justo has no formal designs or engineering plans. In fact, he has no engineering or architectural knowledge at all.
After retiring from farming, Justo became a Benedictine monk, but tuberculosis forced him to leave the monastery. During this period of illness, Justo prayed to the Lady of the Pillar (the name given to the Virgin Mary after her appearance in Zaragoza, Spain). He promised himself that if he survived the disease, he would build a church dedicated to her. After he recovered from his illness, Justo didn’t let his lack of experience stop him from fulfilling his promise.
Top image: The Mpemba effect, via YouTube.
[Source: Listverse. Edited. Top image added.]

Artikel ini hanyalah simpanan cache dari url asal penulis yang berkebarangkalian sudah terlalu lama atau sudah dibuang :


Kempen Promosi dan Iklan
Kami memerlukan jasa baik anda untuk menyokong kempen pengiklanan dalam website kami. Serba sedikit anda telah membantu kami untuk mengekalkan servis percuma aggregating ini kepada semua.

Anda juga boleh memberikan sumbangan anda kepada kami dengan menghubungi kami di sini
10 Messed Up Scientific Experiments Of Real Mad Scientists

10 Messed Up Scientific Experiments Of Real Mad Scientists

papar berkaitan - pada 27/4/2021 - jumlah : 65 hits
10 Messed Up Scientific Experiments Of Real Mad ScientistsBy Mark Oliver 8 November 2016 Science has furthered our world in ways that our forefathers never could have imagined The diligent experiments of wise men usually push us further int...
Take Stern Action Against Teacher Who Allegedly Trivialised Rape Mahdzir Tells Education Ministry

Take Stern Action Against Teacher Who Allegedly Trivialised Rape Mahdzir Tells Education Ministry

papar berkaitan - pada 27/4/2021 - jumlah : 156 hits
PETALING JAYA The incident where a teacher had allegedly joked and trivialised rape during a lesson in school cannot be considered an isolated case says former education minister Datuk Seri Mahdzir Khalid He said the Education Ministry must...
Hadi Those Who Oppose Emergency Are Worse Than Religious Extremists

Hadi Those Who Oppose Emergency Are Worse Than Religious Extremists

papar berkaitan - pada 26/4/2021 - jumlah : 72 hits
PAS president Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang today labelled those who oppose the Emergency as political extremists whose greed is worse than those of religious extremists who disregard human life in order to achieve their political agenda Abdu...
Are People Who Act Helpless Flaunting Their Privilege

Are People Who Act Helpless Flaunting Their Privilege

papar berkaitan - pada 28/4/2021 - jumlah : 121 hits
There are both men and women who I know that put on a daily act of helplessness so that they can be rescued by others around them and or their direct partners The most recent example of this happened on Tuesday of this week I invited a man ...
Top 10 People Who Turned Themselves Into Plastic

Top 10 People Who Turned Themselves Into Plastic

papar berkaitan - pada 30/4/2021 - jumlah : 124 hits
Top 10 People Who Turned Themselves Into Plastic Subscribe To Most Amazing Top 10 http bit ly 2Ibyk6i CHECK OUT LINDSAY S NEW CHANNEL https bit ly 2R4lhwQ Most Recent Videos https www youtube com watch v o2auGYN SV4 list UUBINYCmwE29fBXCpUI...
Outgoing Police Chief Slams Unintelligent Ministers Who Ask To Loosen Roadblocks

Outgoing Police Chief Slams Unintelligent Ministers Who Ask To Loosen Roadblocks

papar berkaitan - pada 1/5/2021 - jumlah : 117 hits
Just days before stepping down as the Inspector General of Police Abdul Hamid Bador appears to have vented his frustrations against ministers who he said called for roadblocks under the movement control order to be reduced He said many Covi...
10 People Who Died Following Interaction With A Ufo

10 People Who Died Following Interaction With A Ufo

papar berkaitan - pada 25/4/2021 - jumlah : 111 hits
10 People Who Died Following Interaction With A UFOBy Marcus Lowth There have been countless claims of UFO sightings and abductions over the years some more credible than others Most alleged experiencers survive their otherworldly experienc...
Third Covid Wave Will Kill Or Hospitalize 60 To 70 People Who Took Both The Vaccine Doses Says Official Uk Govt Model

Third Covid Wave Will Kill Or Hospitalize 60 To 70 People Who Took Both The Vaccine Doses Says Official Uk Govt Model

papar berkaitan - pada 30/4/2021 - jumlah : 203 hits
According to projections by UK s top modelling agency the thrid wave of COVID 19 spike will hospitalize and kill 60 to 70 of those people who took both the vaccine doses The paper suggests that the resurgence in both hospitalisations and de...
Foto Amp Video Haha Ni Baru Real Comel Ragam 6 Anak Selebriti Beraya Cvri Perhatian Ramai

Foto Amp Video Haha Ni Baru Real Comel Ragam 6 Anak Selebriti Beraya Cvri Perhatian Ramai

papar berkaitan - pada 16/5/2021 - jumlah : 128 hits
Bila tiba hari raya sudah pastinya anak anak kecil yang paling gembira Dapat pakai persalinan baru cantik cantik serta makan kuih raya yang sedap sedap Malah apabila menjelangnya hari raya acara bermain bunga api dan mercun juga antara yang...
Isyarat Dari Dua Kenyataan Diraja Mahiaddin Kena Berundur Segera

Pemuda Mati Mengejut Pernah Tular Ramai Ahli Keluarga Positif Covid

Jika Muhyiddin Undur Siapa Next Apa Next

Jadual Pembiayaan Peribadi Bank Semakan Bayaran Bulanan Pinjaman Peribadi

Terkini Akhirnya Perdana Menteri Keluar Kenyataan Mengenai Titah Agong

Lebih Rela Kawan Dengan Lelaki Wanita Ini Dedah 5 Sebab Tak Suka Kawan Dengan Perempuan

Bantuan Kewangan Dari Pusat Zakat Sila Mohon Segera

Rezeki Itu Datang Melalui Tiga Cara

Time Bank Bank yang Menawarkan Perkhidmatan Menyimpan Masa

Info Dan Sinopsis Drama Berepisod Kamar Kamariah TV3

Info Dan Sinopsis Filem Masuk Jawi Astro First

Kisah Kereta Mazda Yang Muat Dalam Sebuah Bagasi Baju

Kisah Ulama Terkenal yang Bertukar Menjadi Atheis Abdullah Al Qasemi

Royal Canin Galak Pemilik Kucing Rancang Lawatan Ke Klinik Veteriner Lebih Awal Dalam Tempoh Pkp

Lirik Saranghae Meer Nash

Lirik Menua Berdua Ifan Seventeen

Lirik Scoring Ziven

Lirik Sendiri Gamma1

Oyen Raises Us 420k In Seed Funding To Turbocharge Growth Of Southeast Asia S Digital Pet Health Insurance Ecosystem